Evolution of Television

Evolution+of+Television

By: Natalie Morgan

Television is one of the most powerful inventions of the 20th century and it was made possible by electrical engineers.

“Television was not the invention of one person” “It was the conception of many minds. Many branches of science were involved in the invention.” – Ernst Alexanderson, developer of TV broadcast.

Below is a photo listing all the TV’S made from 1928-2007.

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Philo Farnsworth created the first television in the 1920’s. While still in high school, Farnsworth had begun to conceive of a system that could capture moving images in a form that could be coded onto radio waves and then transformed back into a picture on a screen. The first image he transmitted on  the TV was a simple line. RCA, the company that dominated the radio business in the United States with its two NBC networks, invested $50 million in the development of electronic television.  In 1939, RCA televised the opening of the New York World’s Fair, including a speech by President Franklin Roosevelt. Later that year RCA paid for a license to use Farnsworth’s television patents. The company also began broadcasting regular programs, including scenes captured by a mobile unit.

By 1949, Americans who lived within range of the growing number of television stations in the country could watch many shows on their TV.

Between 1953 and 1955, television programming began to take some steps away from radio formats. NBC television president Sylvester Weaver devised Peter Pan which had 60 million viewers. Sylvester also developed the magazine-format programs Today, which made its debut in 1952 with Dave Garroway as host. The Tonight Show began in 1953. ABC, turned its first profit with youth-oriented shows such as Disneyland, which debuted in 1954.

Television news first covered the presidential nominating conventions of the two major parties in 1952. The the president in 1960, John F. Kennedy, seemed to provide evidence of how television would change politics. Commentators pointed to the first televised debate that was between Kennedy and Nixon. A survey of those who listened to the debate on radio said that Nixon had won. However, those who watched on television were able to contrast Nixon’s poor posture with Kennedy’s poise were more likely to think Kennedy had won the debate.

In 1964 color broadcasting began on prime-time television. During the 1960s and 1970s a country increasingly fascinated with television was limited to watching almost exclusively what appeared on the three major networks: CBS, NBC, and ABC.

In the 1980s, home videocassette recorders became widely available. Viewers had the ability to record and replay programs and rent and watch movies at times of their own choosing in their own homes.

TV has made a huge impact on American society.

Sources:

visit: https://www.nyu.edu/classes/stephens/History%20of%20Television%20page.htm

 

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